Jewish history in the 19th century

Napoleon needed to establish his authority throughout France and her empire when he came to power in 1799. One action that demonstrated his supremacy was the abolition of the ghetto laws. In Rome, within sight of the Vatican, the Catholic Church was forced to capitulate to Napoleonic might and Jews were liberated from the Roman ghetto. Throughout his empire Napoleon’s change in policy afforded the Jewish people a freedom, which had previously been denied to them. They could choose where they lived, could express their faith openly and were no longer required to wear yellow bonnets and armbands, which set them apart from other citizens. After changes in the policy of Napoleon At a time when other countries in Europe were tightening their laws on minority religious groups, the aftermath of the 1789 French Revolution led to a promotion of equality throughout France and the French...